Globalization and Governance
Globalization has become a common social phenomenon in the 21st century. The term refers to the movement of ideas, goods and certain aspects of culture from one part of the world to another. One of the main advantages of globalization is to foster to increase effectiveness and efficiency in the world of business. It has also been used a force behind the market expansion in different parts of the country. While globalization is mostly associated with the economic and social factors, it has had a huge role to play in governance. While some critics argue that globalization has reduced the ability of the government to govern, this is considered a biased belief. This owes to the current statistics that indicate that indeed globalization forces have played a significant role in governance.
One of the main aspects of globalization is the presence of the internet. This force is said to have contributed immensely in fostering communication between the government, subordinate staffs, and the investors. This on the other hand has a positive effect of enhancing the quicker delivery of services to the citizens. Further, the enhanced movement of goods and services due to the growth and development of infrastructure facilitate a faster movement of goods and services. This does not only attract more investors, but assists in the creation of employment opportunities. The following discussion will demonstrate that indeed there is a positive correlation between globalization and effectiveness in governance. We have checked numerous papers on plagiarism and collected it in this article, so you can be sure of its quality.
One of the main ways of knowing how globalization affects governance is to focus on whether it has assisted in dealing with various hindrances to governing. An effective government is characterised by its ability to foster a faster movement of goods and services to the citizens (Osle, 2010). Currently, the globalization is playing a significant role in ensuring that the government is able to improve the quality of services.
According to Chomsky et al. (2011), there is a positive correlation between globalization and governance. The author notes that globalization has been able to improve the communication between the executive, judiciary and the parliament. This, according to the author has the effect of ensuring that the service delivery to the community members is enhanced. Through the internet, the government has been able to facilitate the integrated communication, which has the importance in mitigating the communication breakdown (Sparks, 2006). Instant feedback between the government and other arms of governance is a proof that globalization is vital.
According to Fernando (2010), there is globalization has assisted governments gain a competitive edge, and being able to attract more investors. The author concludes this by observing government that has embraced globalization and those that are still skeptical. He notes that a majority of the African and Asian markets remain less competitive due to lack of effectiveness and efficiency in governance. His assertions were echoed by Hopkins (2007), who stated that one of the main characteristic of an effective government is its ability to ensure that the cost of goods and services are reduced. He asserted that globalization has made it possible in bringing the cost of living down. This is attributed to the ease at which goods flow from one point to another. This, according to the author, is a demonstration of the importance of globalization in governance.
Currently, globalization has been able to facilitate the international trade. Through the development of infrastructure and elimination of bureaucratic processes, the international trade is enhanced. It leads to the increased trade activities,where goods and services are exchanged, hence creating more employment opportunities. Further, the globalization lead to the establishment of the trade agreements, economic blocs and the special trade zones. All these are aimed at ensuring that a country is able to foster economic growth and development.
Globalization has played an imperative role in solving major challenges such as corruption, embezzlement of public funds and nepotism (Tausch, 2007). Through technological advancement, the governments become more transparent and also transparent. The citizens are able to know how the government runs its affairs just at the click of a button.
For instance, it is possible to know how much money was allocated to a given institution, and how it was used.
Through this kind of accountability, the government is able to avoid the social unrest, which is common where citizens feel that the government is misusing their resources. Transparency and accountability are also some of the main factors that will determine is a country can receive development funds. The financiers will check how the government has been accounting for the previous funds given, and whether it was used for the intended project.
As indicated before, one of the main characteristics of globalization is ensuring that there are efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery within the government. A number of processes become digitalized making it possible for the citizens to access them wherever they are. The government tendering processes are also conducted through the online process, which ensures that corruption is mitigated, and that everyone is given an equal opportunity (Martell, 2010). On the contrary, a majority of the countries which have not yet embraced globalization are still using the traditional methods, such as a lot of paperwork, and bureaucracy. This acts as a discouragement to the investors, who may find these processes as not only tiresome, but also time consuming and expensive. Such governments are unable to attract potential investors, which mean that they cannot respond to unemployment challenges. The elimination of the bureaucratic processes within the government plays an imperative role in fostering effectiveness and efficiency in service delivery.
Globalization has also been linked to improved governance owing to the exchange of ideas between countries (Glyn, 2006). For instance, the United States has played a huge role in fostering good leadership, especially in the third world countries. This includes the spread of democracy, enhancing transparency and accountability and ensuring that the fundamental rights of the citizens are upheld. Apart from these, the exchange of economic ideas has also facilitated assisted in fostering growth and development in many nations (Hopkins, 2006). This has been done through learning and applying the innovative ideas that have made other countries succeed.
According to Steger (2009), one of the major characteristics of globalization is the ability to foster sharing of information between countries. It enhances regional and global integration, which is vital for economic, political and social development. Through the spirit of globalization, countries have been able to improve their infrastructures. These include the construction of transport networks, as well as technological infrastructure. This has been imperative in enhancing business activities in such countries, and the creation of employment opportunities.
One of the other main advantages of globalization has been the spread of democracy in most parts of the world (Kochler, 2007). Apparently, all the countries that have embraced the spirit of globalization are also democratic. The latter is vital as it ensures the formation of an inclusive government. This is a government that involves the citizens in finding solutions to the challenges facing them. Democratic nations also ensure that the universal rights of the citizens are upheld. With democracy, the government is able to avoid any social unrest, hence having a smooth time. In the recent past, the Arab Springs has shown that lack of democracy makes it difficult to govern.
The citizens want to be given the right of doing what they feel is right. Through globalization, democratic nations are able to exchange ideas of ensuring a good relationship between the ruling regime and the citizens. This ensures that governments are able to carry put their mandate of providing services to their subjects. Democracy also gives the people the right to elect the people they think will be able to alleviate their living standards.
In summary, there is a positive relationship between effective governance and globalization. There are many advantages of globalization that indicated why it should be embraced for the purpose of fostering growth and development. Through globalization, countries work together toward a common goal, such as fostering economic growth or war against insecurity. The regional and global integration has made it possible for the countries to work together in improving the living standards of their citizens. One of the main characteristics of globalization is the ease of movement of goods and services between one point and another. This means that the government is able to foster economic development by attracting investors. This on the other hand will ensure that the government creates more employment opportunities to the citizens. Governments should embrace globalization in order to foster economic growth and development.
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- Fernando, Salvetti (ed.) (2010). “Glocal” Working. Living and Working across the World with Cultural Intelligence. Milan: Franco Angeli. ISBN 978-88-568-2733-0.
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